Craniosacral osteopathy was created by Dr. William Sutherland (1873-1954), one of Dr. A.T. Still´s students. During his studies, Sutherland discovered a sort of rhythmic movement of the skull (Cranial Rhythmic Impulse CRI). Taking into account the osteopathic principles established by Dr. Still, Sutherland devoted the rest of his career to the scientific investigation of this movement, thus contributing a significant development to the osteopathic concept!
As the name suggests, Craniosacral Osteopathy ranges from the cranium (that protects the brain), via the spine (in which the spinal cord is located) to the sacrum. In these areas a major part of our central nervous system is located. It is coated by meninges and contains a fluid called the cerebrospinal fluid.
The meninges are attached to precise locations on the bones of the cranium, the spine and the sacrum, creating a direct connection between the head and the sacrum. Thus problems originating in the cranial area may affect the lower back or pelvis and vice versa.
The experienced hands of the osteopath are able to feel the gentle movements in the craniosacral system and to use them to diagnose and treat. Influencing the Cranial Rhythmic Impulse also directly affects the locomotor and organ system.